Goddess Sodasi is also known as Tripura Sundari. As the name suggests Goddess Sodasi is the most beautiful in all three worlds. In Mahavidya, She represents Goddess Parvati or also known as Tantric Parvati.
Goddess Sodasi is also known as Lalita and Rajarajeshwari which means “the one who plays” and “queen of queens” respectively.
Sodasi Origin – As Sodasi, Tripura Sundari is represented as a sixteen year old girl. She is believed to embody sixteen types of desires. Mantra to worship Goddess Sodasi also consists of sixteen syllables. Tripura Sundari is also worshipped as the Shri Yantra. The number 16 – in Indian thought – is the number representing perfection and totality.
Sodasi Iconography – Tripura Sundari is described as being dusky, red or golden in complexion and in union with Lord Shiva. The couple is portrayed on a bed, a throne or a pedestal that is upheld by Brahma, Vishnu, Rudra, Ishana and Sadashiva forming the plank. Sodasi’s body is of a deep red color and she is often depicted in ecstatic intercourse, sitting astride the god Mahakala (Skt., Great Time), her throne being carried by several other important male deities such as Brahma, Indra and Rudra.
Goddess Sodasi has a third eye on the forehead. She is clad in red costume and richly bejeweled. She sits on a lotus seat laid on a golden throne. She is shown with four arms in which she holds five arrows of flowers, a noose, a goad and sugarcane as a bow. The noose represents attachment, the goad represents repulsion, the sugarcane bow represents the mind and the arrows are the five sense objects.
Sodasi Sadhana – Shodashi Sadhana is done for pleasure as well as for liberation. Tripura Sundari Sadhana provides strength to control body, mind and emotions.
Sodasi Sadhana is also done for family pleasure, favorable life partner and potency.